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Dry Ice transportation regulations
Dry Ice transportation regulations
If you are going to package Dry Ice for shipment or sign any type of shipping documentation (such as a FedEx Air bill) for a Dry Ice shipment, you must complete Shipping of Dangerous Goods Training.
When transporting perishable goods or medical supplies by air. Dry Ice has become essential for the safety of the cargo and the safety of the aircraft. But at the same time Dry Ice is dangerous goods.
Solid carbon dioxide or dry ice, is commonly used during transit as a refrigerant to keep materials. Shipments containing dry ice pose several hazards during transit, including a risk of explosion, suffocation and tissue damage.
Dry ice is therefore regulated as a “dangerous good” by the International Air
Transport Authority (IATA) and the Department of Transportation (DOT). To mitigate these hazards, several precautions must be taken when offering packages containing dry ice for shipment.
Hazardous materials shipments may require additional packaging and labelling. Shipments of using dry ice as a refrigerant have: identification number UN 1845, proper shipping name of “Carbon Dioxide, solid B” or “Dry Ice” Accordance to Packing Instruction 954 (can be found in Appendix E)
When transporting dry ice by air, there are many rules and restrictions from airlines and country. Accordingly, the registration of such cargo, especially in the case of air transportation, can only be done by a specialist who has undergone special training and has access to draw up the relevant documents.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS TO FOLLOW
While flying in an airplane, there’s not as much room for ventilation. Airlines have to be extra careful when they are allowing the use of dry ice inside the plane. The Federal Aviation Administration has set guidelines for the airlines to follow when it comes to dry ice on the plane.
When someone is going to bring dry ice onto the plane with them, it has to be 5.5 pounds or fewer. The airline crew will also make sure that the dry ice is not being used to cool hazardous materials. The package must have something on it that states “dry ice” or “carbon dioxide solid” so that it can be placed correctly when it’s loaded onto the plane. If you are going to be shipping with dry ice, you have to make sure that it is in the proper container so that it has the ability to ventilate. This is important so that it doesn’t cause an explosion on the plane and so that no one gets trouble breathing on the plane.
Each airline might have its own specific set of rules, but they are generally all the same when it comes to how it is shipped. Be sure to check with the airline beforehand. As always, follow all safety procedures when handling the dry ice when using it to ship. Make sure that you never have it touch your skin directly, Dry ice is a hazardous material and is regulated by both Department of Transportation and the International Air
Transport Association (IATA). Specific procedures are required for handling, packaging, and shipping materials refrigerated with dry ice. This document outlines the requirements for shipping ONLY non-regulated materials on dry ice according to IATA Packing Instruction (PI) 954.
To package dry ice shipments or to sign any type of shipping documentation (such as an Air Waybill) for a dry ice shipment, you must complete:
OH601 Dry Ice Shipping (online)
OH101 Hazard Communication (online)
OH102 Site-Specific Hazard Communication
Upon successful completion of these training requirements, EHS will certify you to ship dry ice for a period of 2 years.
Dry ice is classified by the DOT and IATA as a “miscellaneous” hazard, class 9. Dry ice is considered hazardous for three reasons:
Explosion Hazard: Dry ice releases carbon dioxide gas as it sublimates. If packaged in a container that does not allow for the release of the gas, it may explode, causing personal injury or property damage.
Suffocation Hazard: Carbon dioxide gas is a simple asphyxiant and in a confined space will displace oxygen, creating an oxygen deficient environment.
Contact Hazard: Dry ice is a cryogenic material that causes severe frostbite upon contact with skin.
Don’t take risks with your dangerous goods, make sure they are expertly packed and adhere to all regulations.
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