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Questions about dangerous goods

Regulations for the transport of dangerous goods

Dangerous goods are substances and items which, due to their inherent nature, pose a threat to human life and health, the environment, the safety of buildings, constructions, machinery and other material objects. These include: fuels, acids, pesticides, paints, aerosols, fire extinguishers, solvents, adhesives, medicines, lithium batteries, etc.


In principle, the fact that they pose a threat does not mean that the threat will necessarily materialise: only if certain factors coincide can the transport and loading/unloading of such substances lead to an explosion, fire, death of people and animals, radioactive or infectious contamination, toxic contamination, environmental pollution, damage to technical devices, vehicles, buildings, structures, etc.

It is to ensure that these factors do not coincide and, consequently, to avoid possible harm, transportation of dangerous goods is performed according to strict rules with observance of all necessary measures and conditions.


Previously the delivery of such goods was governed by the Regulations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods by air. 

Dangerous goods include articles and substances which are flammable, corrosive, toxic, o

What do you need to know in order to transport dangerous goods safely and correctly?

The conditions and regulations for the transport of dangerous goods depend primarily on its name and what class it belongs to. For example, each dangerous substance or group of substances is assigned a specific UN number (UN-ID). 
In the table "List of dangerous goods"  provides all the information relating to the transport of a substance/product: labelling and packaging methods, the positioning of danger labels on vehicles and containers, the choice of vehicle, transport and handling provisions, the degree and type of hazard presented and the substance class.

To ensure the safe transport of dangerous goods by air, shippers, freight forwarders and air operators must comply with the following regulations and requirements in place.
Dangerous goods are classified according to the ICAO Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air.

Classes & Divisions Of Dangerous Goods
Class 1: Explosives  
  1. Division 1.1: substances and articles which have a mass explosion hazard. 
  2. Division 1.2: Substances and articles which have a projection hazard but not a mass explosion hazard 
  3. Division 1.3: Substances and articles which have a fire hazard and either a minor blast hazard or a minor projection hazard or both, but not a mass explosion hazard 
  4. Division 1.4: Substances and articles which present no significant hazard 
  5. Division 1.5: Very insensitive substances which have a mass explosion hazard 
  6. Division 1.6: Extremely insensitive articles which do not have a mass explosion hazard
Class 2: Gases
  1. Division 2.1: Flammable gases 
  2. Division 2.2: Non-flammable, non-toxic gases 
  3. Division 2.3: Toxic gases 
Class 3: Flammable Liquids 
There are no sub-divisions for Class 3 Flammable Liquids
Class 4: Flammable Solids; Substances Liable To Spontaneous Combustion; Substances Which, On Contact With Water, Emit flammable Gases 
  1. Division 4.1: Flammable solids, self-reactive substances and solid desensitised explosives  
  2. Division 4.2: Substances liable to spontaneous combustion 
  3. Division 4.3: Substances which in contact with water emit flammable gases
Class 5: Oxidizing Substances and Organic Peroxides
  1. Division 5.1: Oxidizing substances 
  2. Division 5.2: Organic peroxides 
Class 6: Toxic and Infectious Substances 
  1. Division 6.1: Toxic substances 
  2. Division 6.2: Infectious substances 
Class 7: Radioactive Material 
There are no sub-divisions for Class 7 Radioactive Material. 
Class 8: Corrosive Substances 
There are no sub-divisions for Class 8 Corrosive Substances
Class 9: Miscellaneous Dangerous Substances and Articles 
There are no sub-divisions for Class 9 Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods. 

Learn more about Dangerous Goods

Electronic tools and solutions for your dangerous goods related activities.
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