Questions about dangerous goods
Regulations for the transport of dangerous goods
Dangerous goods are substances and items which, due to their inherent nature, pose a threat to human life and health, the environment, the safety of buildings, constructions, machinery and other material objects. These include: fuels, acids, pesticides, paints, aerosols, fire extinguishers, solvents, adhesives, medicines, lithium batteries, etc.
In principle, the fact that they pose a threat does not mean that the threat will necessarily materialise: only if certain factors coincide can the transport and loading/unloading of such substances lead to an explosion, fire, death of people and animals, radioactive or infectious contamination, toxic contamination, environmental pollution, damage to technical devices, vehicles, buildings, structures, etc.
It is to ensure that these factors do not coincide and, consequently, to avoid possible harm, transportation of dangerous goods is performed according to strict rules with observance of all necessary measures and conditions.
Previously the delivery of such goods was governed by the Regulations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods by air.
What do you need to know in order to transport dangerous goods safely and correctly?
The conditions and regulations for the transport of dangerous goods depend primarily on its name and what class it belongs to. For example, each dangerous substance or group of substances is assigned a specific UN number (UN-ID).
In the table "List of dangerous goods" provides all the information relating to the transport of a substance/product: labelling and packaging methods, the positioning of danger labels on vehicles and containers, the choice of vehicle, transport and handling provisions, the degree and type of hazard presented and the substance class.
To ensure the safe transport of dangerous goods by air, shippers, freight forwarders and air operators must comply with the following regulations and requirements in place.
Dangerous goods are classified according to the ICAO Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air.
Classes & Divisions Of Dangerous Goods
Class 1: Explosives
Division 1.1: substances and articles which have a mass explosion hazard.
Division 1.2: Substances and articles which have a projection hazard but not a mass explosion hazard
Division 1.3: Substances and articles which have a ﬁre hazard and either a minor blast hazard or a minor projection hazard or both, but not a mass explosion hazard
Division 1.4: Substances and articles which present no signiﬁcant hazard
Division 1.5: Very insensitive substances which have a mass explosion hazard
Division 1.6: Extremely insensitive articles which do not have a mass explosion hazard
Class 2: Gases
Division 2.1: Flammable gases
Division 2.2: Non-ﬂammable, non-toxic gases
Division 2.3: Toxic gases
Class 3: Flammable Liquids
There are no sub-divisions for Class 3 Flammable Liquids.
Class 4: Flammable Solids; Substances Liable To Spontaneous Combustion; Substances Which, On Contact With Water, Emit ﬂammable Gases
Division 4.1: Flammable solids, self-reactive substances and solid desensitised explosives
Division 4.2: Substances liable to spontaneous combustion
Division 4.3: Substances which in contact with water emit ﬂammable gases
Class 5: Oxidizing Substances and Organic Peroxides
Class 6: Toxic and Infectious Substances
Division 6.1: Toxic substances
Division 6.2: Infectious substances
Class 7: Radioactive Material
There are no sub-divisions for Class 7 Radioactive Material.
Class 8: Corrosive Substances
There are no sub-divisions for Class 8 Corrosive Substances.
Class 9: Miscellaneous Dangerous Substances and Articles
There are no sub-divisions for Class 9 Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods.